Earliest American civilian settlement probably came
in 1865 when six families from Tucson headed by Mark Aldrich, Jarvis
Jackson, John Montgomery, H. Brown, John H. Archibald, and T. Berthold,
P/247 The above located lands in the lower San Pedro valley. In
February 1866 they commenced a ditch to carry water. In April 1866
they were ready to plant a crop of corn. Houses had been erected
and a few troops came for their protection, and in a short time
there were 100 men, women and children in the valley. Depredation
began in 1867 made a settlement at Redington. Although this group
was possibly the earliest, archival records have not been found
to affirm that these settlers were there as a consequence of the
Homestead Act of 1862 or the Preemption Act of 1841. Laguna Niguel,
Arizona State Land Archival Records Laguna Niguel, California.
Arizona State Land Records RG 49. have been extensively researched
and no record of this cattle and agricultural enterprise was located.
There was no Land Office in the Arizona
Territory in 1865, and the Territory lands matters were then under
the jurisdiction of the California Land District with headquarters
located at San Francisco. Index 304 "The Territory of Arizona
is attached to the District of California (Sec. 4)."
The Arizona Land District was created in 1867 with a Land Office
established at Prescott that same year. A second Land District,
the Gila Land District with a Land Office at Florence, was created
on June 2, 1873. Henry Cousins, Register, C.E. Dailey, Receiver.
The first survey in the Arizona Territory took place in 1867, followed
by a second survey in 1868.
The Aldrich enterprise History of Arizona Volume 4 Thomas Parish
1915 P/247 on the San Pedro valley, was adversely affected and frustrated.
Aldrich and partners were compelled to abandon. In 1866 they had
marketed in Tucson 400,000 pounds of wheat, barley and corn. The
following year, the Apaches swept down, killing, burning, and effectively
destroyed the young and emerging settlement. A strong and unmistakable
message to other would-be settlers had been served.