Maps of the Pimeria: Early Cartography of the Southwest, by Jack Mount

16th Century

Giacomo Gastaldi. Universale Della Parte del Mondo Nuovamenta Ritrovata. Venezia, 1556
1556. Giacomo Gastaldi. Universale Della Parte del Mondo Nuovamenta Ritrovata. Venezia, 1556. Map 30 x 40 cm. Scale ca. 1:48,000,000. From Giovanni Battista Ramusio, Navigationi et Viaggi, volume 3, pp. 455-456. [G3291 S1 1556 G2]. 898X800 | 674X600

Ramusio (1485-1557) was a Venetian publisher who compiled a great collection of voyages and Gastaldi (ca.1500-ca.1565) made a number of the maps which accompany this work. This woodcut of the Western Hemisphere is the first published map to show placenames given by the explorer Francisco Coronado, names such as Axa, Cicuich, Cucho, Quivira and Tiguas. The Coronado expedition wandered through the Southwest in 1540 searching for the "vast riches" mentioned in reports by Cabeza de Vaca and Fr. Marcos de Niza. On this map, as on earlier Gastaldi maps, North America and Asia are joined and Baja California is correctly shown as a peninsula. The Gulf of California is labeled "Mar Vermiglio".

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