Maps of the Pimeria: Early Cartography of the Southwest, by Jack Mount

16th/17th Century

Nicholas Sanson. Americqve Septentrionale. Paris, Pierre Mariette,1644?
1644. Nicholas Sanson. Americqve Septentrionale. Paris, Pierre Mariette,1644?. Colored map 20 x 28 cm. Scale ca. 1:25,000,000. From his Cartes Générales de Toutes les Parties du Monde, 1645 edition. [G3301 S1 1644 S2]. 1099X800 | 824X600

Sanson, geographer to the French King, created this curious map of North America combining some new factual information with the older mythical geography . The map is apparently the first to show the location of the Apache Indians and the villages of Santa Fe (he incorrectly located it on the west side of the Rio Grande) and Socorro. This map also carries on the seventeenth century tradition, started in about 1625, of portraying California as an island. The location of the Rio Grande continues to be geographically inaccurate, flowing into the Gulf of California--Sanson's "Mar Vermejo".

Sanson (1600-1667) has been called the founder of the French school of Geography. His business in Paris was continued by his sons Nicholas, Adrian and Guillaume.

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