Maps of the Pimeria: Early Cartography of the Southwest, by Jack Mount

19th Century

Charles Wilkes. Map of Upper California by the U.S. Ex. Ex. and Best Authorities. The Expedition, 1841
1841. Charles Wilkes. Map of Upper California by the U.S. Ex. Ex. and Best Authorities. The Expedition, 1841. Colored map 22 x 29 cm. Scale ca. 1:4,800,000. From his Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition, Philadelphia, Lea & Blanchard, 1845. [G4301 S1 1841 W5]. 1068X800 | 801X600

This is one of the maps resulting from the Navy Exploring Expedition of 1838-1842 commanded by Commodore Charles Wilkes (1798-1877). The Great Basin is still poorly known and details of the Southwest are sparse. The rivers of southern Arizona are not any more accurately delineated, and the names are mostly incorrect. The Santa Cruz River is labeled "R. S. Pedro", and the San Simon River is "R. Suanaca". The San Francisco River is correctly labeled "R. S. Francisco". The village of Tumacacori (as "Termacacori") is mislocated far to the west, as also are the villages of Santa Cruz and Buena Vista. Note that Tucson is now spelled "Toyson".

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