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Politics & Newspaper, 1916-1922
Bucking the Establishment

An outgrowth of Tom's political involvement was the beginning of his writing career. In 1915, he wrote and published a 73 page book entitled, Prohibition in Arizona: The First Six Months of Prohibition in Arizona and its Effect Upon Industry, Savings and Municipal Government. Together with Gammage, Tom Marshall began his foray into political journalism and publishing.

[visit the website displaying Tom Marshall's 75 glass lantern slides used during Prohibition rallies]

Grady Gammage had arrived in Tucson during the summer of 1912 as a 19 year old ready to enter the University of Arizona as a freshman. He traveled from his native Arkansas because of an illness, probably tuberculosis, for which his doctor advised relocating to a dry, warm climate. He wrote to the Governor of Arizona, G. W. P. Hunt, asking for a job to support himself while studying at the University. When he arrived in Tucson, a maintenance job was waiting. He also worked at the T. Ed. Litt drugstore soda fountain in downtown Tucson. In 1914, he returned to Prescott, Arkansas to marry his high school teacher, Miss Dixie Dees who was ten years his senior.

Gammage's experiences meeting people with Tom and traveling the state in support of prohibition proved to be excellent preliminary training for a law career. After graduation in 1916 he resolved to continue on to earn a law degree. For support, he entered journalism and for two years worked as editor of a Tucson weekly, the Post. Gammage did very well as editor of the newspaper, but his aspirations toward law were redirected toward educational administration. Tom Marshall was owner and publisher of the Post having purchased the newspaper in 1915. Louise provided some recollections on the success of the venture:

"When he started in the printing business he purchased a Monotype, a typesetting machine used only in the largest establishments for certain classes of work. This machine required a specialized operator, at a fancy price. He had so much difficulty in obtaining one that he finally sent a young man to Philadelphia to learn to operate it and to keep it in repairs. Of course he paid all expenses.

"That machine cost $13,000 plus freight, and it is doubtful if today [1931] we could get much more then the freight out of it. When he first opened the printing shop business, he hired a full complement of the best printers and press men, at the Union wage and then put a high school boy without experience, in charge of the office and to solicit the work. He thought his only duty would be to deposit money in the bank. He soon learned differently.

"He published a weekly paper for about two years for which he never wrote a line and which was printed at almost a complete loss. The whole printing venture proved a loss [ofj over $100,000."

Poster announcing the beginning of the Prohibition Campaign in Arizona, c. 1914. Mrs. Gammage was a close personal friend of Louise Marshall.
Poster announcing the beginning of the Prohibition Campaign in Arizona, c. 1914.
Mrs. Gammage was a close personal friend of Louise Marshall. She was a
"Southern Belle" and her name was actually Dixie Dees Gammage. She may
have used Gradine because it sounded less political.

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