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D. Return of the Natives

Whatever assurances Captain-General Luís Oacpicagigua may have given his followers in the Santa Catalina Mountains as to the peaceable intentions of the Spanish troops poised at the margins of northern Pimeria were apparently quite effective in persuading those Indians to return to their homes. A winter in the wilds without the comforts of accustomed houses and food stores and scenery had probably robbed the nativistic movement of most of its attraction by that time anyhow. The Indians were probably tired of short rations of hard-to-collect wild foods, and longing for their rich fields, so the approach of spring and maize-bean- squash planting time must have had them fidgeting uneasily and casting longing glances down the mountain slopes toward the silver thread of the Santa Cruz River in the hazy distance.

Less than a month after Luís surrendered at Tubac, forty of the natives of that ranchería had returned to their homes, and were probably busily engaged in preparing their fields and planting when Captain Joseph Díaz del Carpio swung through the Santa Cruz River Valley again in mid-April and enumerated them in the course of his inspection of the result of the pacification of the rebel northern Pimans (Díaz del Carpio, Apr. 14 ff., 1752:93v-94).

Needless to say, the town officers who had led the attack on Juan de Figueroa had been deposed and new ones appointed. 131The forty returnees were only a part of the total population of the ranchería, others returning later.

The new governor at Tubac was Juan Antonio Tuburuca. His wife Ines and son Andres returned to Tubac with him for spring planting. The new Captain was Phelipe Bicani whose wlfe Rosa and son Isidro also returned. The new mador was Hernando Jurana whose wife Rosa María accom-panied him back. The other Indians enumerated by Captain Díaz del Carpio were:






Christoval Sivibuta




Francisco Tivtuburi




Miguel Tovpon


2 sons aged 6 & 8

Joseph Ignacio


1 son aged 6

Juan Antonio

Anna María

9 bachelors

There were also four widows living at Tubac, but no single girls nor smaller children (Díaz del Carpio Apr. 14 ff, 1752: 93v-94).

In July the parish priest Joachín Féliz Díaz visited Tubac and baptized two little girls. One was the daughter of Juan R. Siquimuri and Ines Bagio (Libro de Bautismos del Partido de San Ygnacio de Caburica p. 172). Since this couple was not enumerated by Captain Díaz del Carpio, they had evidently returned to Tubac since April. The little girl's 132godfather, Thomas Guamuquebari, was another apparent addition to the April returnees, raising the documented population to forty-four and suggesting an even larger one.

The other little girl baptized was the daughter of parents enumerated at Tubac in April, Miguel Tazpa (Tovpon in Díaz del Carpio's list) and Ingés Cabirestubu. Her godmother was Cathalina Tutucacuma (ibid.), probably the wife of Bartholo on the Captain's list.

As the summer crop season lengthened, the people of Tubac probably felt quite relieved to be back in their little ranchería again, but their relief was destined to be short lived, and within less than a decade they were to abandon Tubac again, leaving it to Spanish soldiers who were garrisoned in their midst.