To Phyllis, who made it possible
for me to spend the time
necessary to complete
this study.

Heartfelt thanks to Dr. James E. Officer and Dr. Bernard L. Fontana, Professors Emeritus, University of Arizona, Tucson, and Thomas E. Sheridan, Arizona State Museum. Collectively, they gave or from whom I received support and encouragement to pursue an interest in borderland history.
The National Archives, Pacific Southwest Region, Laguna Niguel, California, and Archivist Suzanne Dewberry are especially acknowledged. For over twelve months, the Archives was home away from home, as this research project grew larger and larger.

The Huntington Library, San Marino, California was most generous in allowing use of their excellent facility and resources on homestead history.

The Los Angeles County Law Library, Los Angeles, California was a convenient resource for early United States statutes covering Public Land laws.

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